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Getting students involved in classes

By letting students process the material actively, more will information will stick. This does not only hold for written assignments, but also during face-to-face time with students. Therefore, it is important to know how to get the most out of these meetings. Variation in the working method and interaction with students improves their concentration and learning efficiency.
Three major trends or forms can be identified: interactive teaching, peer teaching and just-in-time teaching. In these methods, students are actively involved in classes, gain responsibility, and are learning more actively. An important concept often associated with this is the flipped classroom. In short, this means that the classroom instruction is made available through for instance video, and the students have to watch this in preparation of the class. During the actual meetings with students, there is more time available for questions, individual attention and deepening, often, this can in turn be made into an individual homework assignment.
ICT can play an important supportive role in this.

For each educational situation (printed bold and underlined) it is described which tools (underlined) can give an important contribution 

Using ICT

  • In (large) groups changing the working method and making sure there is a lot of interaction can sometimes be difficult. But for instance giving short assignments or asking questions, having students form pairs or small groups  and discuss this and collectively come up with an answer can already provide variation. 
    Student Response System / Clicker This is an activity where individual, or a group of students can respond to a (multiple choice) question or statement during class. The outcome is can directly be displayed on the teachers screen.
    Since 2012, a dedicated room has been designed at the Faculty of Industrial Engineering, in which it is easy to quickly switch between frontal-instruction education, and group work. Because of the rotatable furniture, students can quickly form groups. Through the availability of whiteboards and group camera’s, the results of the groups can also be shared quickly with the rest of the room.  
  • Individual In large groups, there can also be individual interaction between teacher and student, by asking short (multiple) choice questions, or statements to which students can respond (by raising their hands or using Turningpoint). As an instructor, this allows you to quickly gain insight in the learning process of the students, and anticipate on this.  
  • Plenary To keep students focused during classes, short videos are very effective. For instance, use these to introduce a topic. Different criteria can hold for these videos compared to instructional videos, but in some cases these can be used. Instructional videos can also be used in parallel. 
    Below are the various tools which can be used to make recordings. 
    Collegerama: can be used for both the classroom as a recording studio as recording location. 
    Blackboard Collaborate can be used if you prefer to record in your own office. These videos can then also be used in the flipped-classroom concept. 
    Screen capture software such as Jing, Captivate and Camtasia. This software can be used to record what happens on your computer screen. Do note that this software is not supported by the TU Delft! 
    Digiboard Students can collectively collaborate around a smart board  
  • Variation in working methods
    Naturally, a number of the methods mentioned above can be used in one class. Be careful to not over do the amount of variation. Also, make sure to give a short explanation for each new working method, making clear why the method is chosen.  
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